The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) published the Living Free and Equal Report in 2016. This report documents the steps that member-states have taken to protect the human rights of LGBTI persons.

The report references more than 200 initiatives that have been introduced in 65 countries. It also focuses on providing an overview of policy trends, highlighting positive developments and limitations.

According to the report, States have over-emphasised sexual orientation but limited action to protect transgender rights. It is even less when it comes to address the needs of intersex and bisexual persons. States have also not addressed discrimination faced by LGBTI persons on multiple grounds, such as age, religion, economic status etc.

The report also lists the substantive human rights obligations and State responses to these obligations. These include the obligation on states to protecting persons from violence, prevent torture and ill-treatment, prohibit and combat discrimination, and ensuring freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly.

Finally, the report concludes by noting that several positive practices and approaches have emerged to address the needs and protect the rights of LGBT persons. It uses these practices to develop recommendations for States to adopt protective laws, repeal discriminatory laws, and address multiple forms of discrimination.