On 1st June 2015, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report on human rights violations against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity. The report notes that LGBTI people face “continuing, pervasive, violent abuse, harassment and discrimination” across the world. KEY FINDINGS The report finds that LGBTI people are subjected […]
The Supreme Court of India in NALSA vs. UOI case held that transgender/third gender persons were entitled to fundamental rights under the Constitution of India. The judgement directed Centre and State Governments to recognise transgender persons as a “socially and economically backward class”. This was to who are entitled to reservations in cases of admission […]
The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha as a private member Bill in 2014. The Bill’s objective is to implement a comprehensive national policy for the overall welfare and development of transgender persons. The Bill defines ‘transgender person’ broadly as a person whose sense of gender does not match […]
The Transgender Persons (Protections of Rights) Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2016. The bill seeks to protect the rights of transgender persons and provide for their welfare. The bill defines transgender persons as a person who is (a) neither wholly female nor wholly male; (b) a combination of female or male; and […]
The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2018 was first introduced in 2016, in the lower house of Parliament (Lok Sabha). The 2018 bill was passed with some amendments to the 2016 version. The Bill aims at protecting the rights of transgender persons and provides for their welfare. It defines ‘transgender persons’ as persons whose […]
The Institute for Participatory Interaction in Development published a report in 2016 on the status of transgender persons in Sri Lanka. It sought to examine access of transgender persons to healthcare, specifically the prevention and treatment of HIV. It detailed a study they conducted to ascertain healthcare afforded to transgender persons in Sri Lanka. The […]
This report was published by Human Rights Watch in 2016. It is based on interviews with 61 LGBTI persons in 4 cities. The report describes experiences of discrimination faced by LGBTI persons in Sri Lanka. It notes that LGBTI persons are susceptible to abuse by the state, including arbitrary detention, lack of access to healthcare, […]
This report was prepared by Women’s Support Group, Sri Lanka in 2011. It sought to present the status of lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LBT) persons in Sri Lanka. The report focuses on Sri Lanka’s commitments under the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). It also points to a disregard […]
The Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka issued a circular in June 2006. This circular grants transgender persons the right to legally change their gender in their birth certificates. Transgender persons can use their birth certificate to legally change their gender in other identity documents. The circular also recognises the discrimination and violence faced by transgender […]
The Global Initiative for Sexuality and Human Rights, in collaboration with the Blue Diamond Society published this report in 2013. This report identifies the ongoing human rights violations against sexual minorities in Nepal. It also assesses the Nepali government’s compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Furthermore, it provides recommendations to safeguard […]
The United Nations Development Programme published this report in 2014. This report was part of a larger initiative pertaining to LGBT issues in Asia. The report analyses the legal and social environment for LGBT persons in Nepal, in the context of political developments. This report was the outcome of a participatory dialogue between the Government and […]
Astraea Lesbian Foundation published the ‘Bridges to Justice’ report in 2015. This report explores Nepal’s LGBTI rights movement through a study of legal cases and political developments. The report details the background of the movement, the success in achieving social progress and how it has impacted the LGBTI people in Nepal. LEGAL SUCCESS In 2004, […]
Institute of Development Studies published this report under the theme, ‘Sexuality, Poverty and Law’ in 2013. This report is based on research conducted in Nepal on the life experiences of LGBTI persons. It explores the legal, economic and social context of issues affecting sexual minorities. According to the report, sexual minorities in Nepal face several […]
The Government of Odisha formulated an umbrella scheme ‘Sweekruti’ to secure the rights of transgender persons and ensure equitable justice. It recognises that transgender persons are subject to discrimination and hardships in society. The main objectives of the scheme are to create an enabling environment for transgender persons, ensure their participation and social integration, strengthen […]
The Government of Kerala published the State policy for transgender persons in Kerala in 2015. The policy aims to enforce the constitutional rights of transgender persons as mandated by the Supreme Court in NALSA v. Union of India. The policy recognises that transgender persons are facing injustice at several places including their own homes. It […]
The KP Human rights policy 2018 includes a section on existing protection on transgender persons in KP province and scope for extending the protection.
In August 2018, the Punjab Social Protection Authority (PSPA), Pakistan published the Transgender Persons Welfare Policy. Chief Justice, Mian Saqib Nisar directed the government to draft the policy after noting the issues faced by transgender persons in Pakistan and other developing countries. This is the first policy in Pakistan which deals explicitly with transgender persons. IDENTIFICATION AND […]
The Constitution of Nepal was adopted in 2015 and is the first in South Asia to legally recognise sexual and gender minorities and protect the community’s fundamental rights. Further, the Constitution is one of the few that have been written in gender-neutral terms. The following articles of the Constitution pertain to gender and sexual minorities: Article 12 permits […]
The Act provides individuals the right to self declare their gender identity and enabled protection of fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution.
FurtThe Government of Karnataka drafted and published a detailed Karnataka State Policy on transgender persons in 2017. The policy acknowledges the Supreme Court decision in NALSA v. Union of India, recognises the structural discrimination faced by transgender persons and non-recognition of their rights in various criminal and civil statutes. The objective of the policy is to empower […]
Living free and equal published by the United Nations documented the legal measures taken in several countries to protect LGBTI persons from discrimination.
This report was published by the UN in 2012. It aims to list the legal obligations of all member states towards Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) persons. The objective of the report is to not only assess the needs of the LGBT community internationally but also at a state-specific level, to ensure effective implementation. […]
This case study of the Tamil Nadu Transgender Welfare Board (henceforth: “the Board”) was published by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 2012. This report focuses on the formation, structure, accomplishments and challenges of the Board. Furthermore, it provides insights for developing such boards in other Indian states. FORMATION OF THE TAMIL NADU WELFARE BOARD The Government of […]